Alongside the interest in traditional religion has vanished in the Western world there has been a growth of a holistic, individualistic and progress optimistic spirituality, so-called New Age and alike. Psychological research has shown that the followers of this type of spirituality at group level has a profile that possibly correlates with psychological illness. The purpose of this study was to examine how supporters related to the existential conditions of life, as formulated on the basis of psychoanalysis. Interviews with eleven followers was carried out in autumn 2009. The analysis showed that the informants largely rejected those conditions or restrictions of life which may be interpreted in a similar way as previous research. Alongside a possible individual predisposition, an impact that emanates from the thought system itself, is proposed as a factor to be considered. Models of how to differentiate between both types of engagement, and various types of spiritualities, is outlined or sketched.

New age, spirituality, alternative spiritualities, esotericism, religion, spirituality, mental health, mental illness, psychopathology, healing, therapy, psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, psychology, psychodynamic theory, psychology of religion, existential psychology, transpersonal psychology, Sigmund Freud, Carl Gustav Jung, Helena Blavatsky, Martinus, Rudolf Steiner, theosophy, Martinus Cosmology, antroposophy.

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